Phytochemical and Pharmacological Studies on Euphorbia pulcherrima: A Review

A Mini Review


  • Nabia Hafeez Centre of Biotechnology and Microbiology, University of Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan


Euphorbeaceae, E. pulcherrima, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology


Euphorbiaceae, often known as the "Euphorbias or spurge family," constitutes a large family of 300 genera and 5000 species; spread widely around the world. The genus is particularly known for its secretion of secondary metabolites. Phytochemical investigation showed the presence of water-soluble ash (2.5%), methanol soluble ash (0.13%), acid insoluble ash (2.2%) besides total ash value (3 %); illustrating the presence of 3% carbonate, phosphate, and silicates of sodium, calcium, phosphates, and magnesium on the incineration of E. pulcherrima.  The leaves extract showed potential antimicrobial capacity at 10 mg/100 µL and 20 mg/100 µL. E. pulcherrima possesses characteristic antimicrobial, antioxidant efficacy, and anti-convulsant effect because of its phytochemical content. The presence of patuletin, flavonoids, and spinacetin further imparts anti-inflammatory tendency as evidenced by the decrease in edema in rats' feet, analgesic and sedative effects.




How to Cite

Hafeez, N. (2023). Phytochemical and Pharmacological Studies on Euphorbia pulcherrima: A Review: A Mini Review. Phytopharmacology Research Journal, 2(3), 13–16. Retrieved from