A comparative phytochemical screening for the methanolic peels extract and juices of Apple species via series of qualitative tests
Keywords:Malus Domestica, Pharmacological, Bioactive, Metabolites, Methanolic extract
The consumption of apple juice is highly recommended because of various biologically active compounds that have remarkable pharmacological properties. Herein, we reported the comparative screening for the peel extract and juice of Apple via a series of qualitative tests which includes Molish’s test, Bendicts’s test, Hager’s test, Biuret Tests, Brotanger’s test, etc. The yield for a methanolic extract of peels of three different color varieties Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, and Granny Smith was recorded to be 20%, 18.2%, and 18% respectively. Apple fruits juices and peels extract were evaluated for bioactive phytochemical which revealed the existence of primary as well as secondary metabolites including terpenoids, phytosterols, and saponins in the peel extract of all varieties, while they were absent in the juices of the same samples. These results indicated that the anthocyanin and anthraquinone glycoside were only present in the peels of Red and Golden Delicious and were absent in Granny Smith peels. Fundamental qualitative analysis will pave the way for the utilization of apple (Malus Domestica) in the food and agriculture industries.